1. Afrikkanitha
  2. Toshiko Akiyoshi
  3. Geri Allen
  4. Andrews Sisters
  5. Angela Andrews
  6. Lil Harden Armstrong
  7. Dorothy Ashby
  8. Pearl Bailey
  9. Beverly Barkley
  10. Shirley Bassey
  11. JoAnne Brackeen
  12. Karen Briggs
  13. Suzanne Brooks
  14. Ruth Brown
  15. Blanche Calloway
  16. Diane Cameron
  17. Una Mae Carlisle
  18. Betty Carter
  19. Joan Cartwright
  20. Jeannie Cheatam
  21. Patricia Chiti
  22. Kim Clarke
  23. Gloria Coleman
  24. Alice Coltrane
  25. Sasha Daltonn
  26. Dee Daniels
  27. Gloria DeNard
  28. Dorothy Donegan
  29. Flo Dreyer
  30. Peggy Duquesnel
  31. Ella Fitzgerald
  32. Gloria Galante
  33. Rita Graham
  34. Jace Harnage
  35. Lenora Helm
  36. Billie Holiday
  37. Bertha Hope
  38. Shirley Horn
  39. Lena Horne
  40. Alberta Hunter
  41. Etta James
  42. Melba Joyce
  43. Jus' Cynthia
  44. KJ Denhert
  45. Mimi Johnson
  46. Gail Jhonson
  47. Sandra Kaye
  48. Emme Kemp
  49. Vinnie Knight
  50. Saskia Laroo
  51. Lavelle
  52. Jan Leder
  53. Peggy Lee
  54. Abbey Lincoln
  55. Melba Liston
  56. Gloria Lynne
  57. Tania Maria
  58. Dee Dee McNeil
  59. Marian McPartland
  60. Carmen McRae
  61. Mabel Mercer
  62. M'zuri
  63. Sandy Patton
  64. Trudy Pitts
  65. Terry Pollard
  66. Cheryl Porter
  67. Gertrude "Ma" Rainey
  68. Lenore Raphael
  69. Carline Ray
  70. Irene Reid
  71. Jessie Mae Robinson
  72. Patrizia Scascitelli
  73. Hazel Scott
  74. Rhoda Scott
  75. Shirley Scott
  76. Amanda Sedgwick
  77. Nina Simone
  78. Bessie Smith
  79. Dakota Staton
  80. Carol Sudhalter
  81. Monnette Sudler
  82. Maxine Sullivan
  83. Alexis P. Suter
  84. Dotti Anita Taylor
  85. Sumi Tonooka
  86. Sarah Vaughn
  87. Dinah Washington
  88. Ethel Waters
  89. Elisabeth Welch
  90. Carolyn Wilkins
  91. Mary Lou Williams
  92. Nancy Wilson
  93. Lillette Jenkins Wisner

Hazel Scott and Marylou Williams

Born on June 11, 1920, Hazel Scott - pianist, vocalist (1920 - 1981), hails from Port of Spain, Trinidad, under the guidance of her mother Alma; she began playing piano at the age of two. Hazel began formal music training after the family had moved to the United States in 1924. She made her formal American debut at New York’s Town Hall two years later and by 1929 Scott had acquired six scholarships to Julliard School of Music in New York City. Unfortunately she, at fourteen, was under age (the school admitted at the age of sixteen only). In the meantime she joined her mothers All-Woman Orchestra, playing piano and trumpet.

By the time she was sixteen, in 1936, Hazel Scott was a radio star on the Mutual Broadcasting System and playing at the Roseland Dance Hall with the Count Basie Orchestra. In the late thirties, she appeared in the Broadway musical Singing Out the News and after that, Priorities of 1942. Scott’s film credits include Something to Shout About, I Dood it, Tropicana, and The Heat’s On, all in 1943, Broadway Rhythm (1944), and Rhapsody in Blue (1945).

During this time in one of the year’s most fabulous social events, Scott married the popular preacher and politician Adam Clayton Powell Jr., though they separated several times and divorced in 1956.

During the early 1950s, she became the first black woman to have her own television show, but due to accusations of being a communist; her show was canceled. Scott defended her position in fund-raising events, fighting for groups in the name of equal rights. She was widely recognized for her efforts in the struggle for racial freedom and justice.

When she became a celebrity in the 1940s, and even when she had her own television show in 1950; movie producers offered African American actors only stereotypical roles. Long before the civil rights movement made organized protest common for African Americans to register their desire for equal rights, Hazel Scott, defied racial stereotypes, portraying a positive screen and stage image, thus improving the opportunities for other African Americans in the entertainment industry. Even for a celebrity of her caliber, Scott, like most African Americans during the 1950's, was no stranger to Jim Crow segregation. She, however, acted with dignity while promoting American patriotism and racial integration, and denouncing communism. In short, Scott was an astonishing sultry song stylist who created her own concept of black pride and steadfastly adhered to it.

She was known for her skill in combining jazz improvisations with a classical piece, and was quite adept at it. She was a consummate performer and her nightclub performances were well patronized and acclaimed. Though Scott recorded for Decca, Signature, Tioch, and Columbia labels, she went into the Debut studios on January 1955 with no less than Charles Mingus and Max Roach. On the aptly titled (and newly expanded for CD) “Relaxed Piano Moods,” the sophisticated lady handles standards, her own blues “Git Up from Here,” and J. J. Johnson’s enduring jazz ballad “Lament” with considerable aplomb and a pearl-like touch. This has proven to be her most enduring jazz date, and is considered her premier effort.

In 1967, after living in Paris, she returned to America and appeared on the television shows Julia and The Bold Ones. In 1978, she was inducted into the Black Filmmakers Hall of Fame. Hazel Scott continued to perform until her death on October 2, 1981.

Source: www.allaboutjazz.com/php/musician.php?id=4159

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